1947 in the United States


Incumbents

January–March

  • January 3 – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
  • February 17 – Cold War: The Voice of America begins to transmit radio broadcasts into Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
  • February 21 – In New York City, Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera", his Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.
  • February 28 – The United States [[#|grants]] France a military base in Casablanca.
  • March 19 – The 19th Academy Awards ceremony is held. The movie Best Years of Our Lives wins the Academy Award for Best Picture, along with several other Academy Awards.

April–June

  • April 15 – Jackie Robinson becomes the first Negro to play Major League Baseball.
  • May 22 – Cold War: In an effort to fight the spread of Communism, President Harry S. Truman signs an Act of Congress that implements the Truman Doctrine. This Act grants $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece.
  • May 22 – David Lean's film Great Expectations, based on the novel by Charles Dickens, opens in the United States. Critics call it the finest film ever made from a Charles Dickens novel.
  • June 5 – Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the Marshall Plan for American reconstruction and relief aid to Europe.
  • June 23 – The United States Senate follows the House of Representatives in overriding President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

July–September

  • July 7 – A supposedly downed extraterrestrial spacecraft is reportedly found in the Roswell UFO incident, near Roswell, New Mexico, which has been written about by Stanton T. Friedman and many others.
  • July 18 – President Harry S. Truman signs the Presidential Succession Act into law, which places the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate next in the line of succession after the United States Vice President.
  • July 26 – Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
  • September 26 – U.S. Air Force is made a separate branch of the military.

October–December


  • October 14 – The [[#|United States Air Force]] test pilot Captain Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 rocket plane faster than the speed of sound, the first time that this has been accomplished in level flight, or climbing.
  • November 2 – In California, the designer and airplane pilot Howard Hughes performs the maiden flight of the Spruce Goose, the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built. (The flight lasts only eight minutes, and the "Spruce Goose" is never flown again.)
  • November 24 – Red Scare: The U.S. House of Representatives votes 346–17 to approve citations of Contempt of Congress against the so-called Hollywood 10, after the ten men refuse to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of communist influences in the movie business. (The ten men are blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studios on the following day).
  • December 3 – The Tennessee Williams play A Streetcar Named Desire opens in a [[#|Broadway theater]].

Undated

  • The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigations into communism in Hollywood.

Ongoing


Top Songs in the US


#
Artist
Song Title
Year
Chart Entries
1
Perry Como
Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)
1947
US Billboard 1 - May 1947 (13 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Jun 1947 (12 weeks), US 1 for 3 weeks - Jun 1947, Australia 1 for 1 month - May 1948, Your Hit Parade 5 of 1947, DZE 7 of 1947, US BB 13 of 1947, POP 21 of 1947, Brazil 80 of 1948
2
Francis Craig
Near You
1947
US Billboard 1 - Aug 1947 (25 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Sep 1947 (21 weeks), US 1 for 12 weeks - Sep 1947, DZE 1 of 1947, US BB 6 of 1947, POP 14 of 1947, Your Hit Parade 16 of 1947, Brazil 24 of 1947, DDD 24 of 1947, Europe 85 of the 1940s (1947), RIAA 355
3
Vaughn Monroe
Ballerina
1947
US Billboard 1 - Nov 1947 (22 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Nov 1947 (21 weeks), US 1 for 10 weeks - Dec 1947, DZE 3 of 1947, US BB 7 of 1947, POP 7 of 1947, Brazil 14 of 1947, Your Hit Parade 17 of 1947, DDD 46 of 1947, Europe 56 of the 1940s (1947), nuTsie 93 of 1940s
4
Jerry Murad's Harmonicats
Peg o' My Heart
1947
US Billboard 1 - Apr 1947 (26 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Apr 1947 (21 weeks), US 1 for 4 weeks - Jun 1947, Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999 (1947), DZE 4 of 1947, Brazil 11 of 1947, POP 17 of 1947, DDD 26 of 1947, nuTsie 42 of 1940s, RYM 55 of 1947
5
Tex Williams & The Western Caravan
Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)
1947
US Billboard 1 - Jul 1947 (17 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Jul 1947 (12 weeks), US 1 for 6 weeks - Aug 1947, US Country 1 for 15 weeks - Jul 1947, DZE 5 of 1947, DDD 10 of 1947, US BB 17 of 1947, POP 19 of 1947, Brazil 20 of 1949, nuTsie 78 of 1940s
6
Ted Weems
Heartaches
1947
US Billboard 1 - Mar 1947 (20 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Mar 1947 (16 weeks), US 1 for 12 weeks - Mar 1947, DZE 2 of 1947, Your Hit Parade 10 of 1947, US BB 11 of 1947, POP 20 of 1947, nuTsie 26 of 1930s, Brazil 29 of 1947
7
Count Basie
Open The Door, Richard!
1947
US Billboard 1 - Feb 1947 (7 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Feb 1947 (4 weeks), US 1 for 1 week - Feb 1947, Your Hit Parade 1 of 1947, DDD 5 of 1947, US BB 14 of 1947, POP 23 of 1947, Brazil 83 of 1947
8
Frank Sinatra
Mam'selle
1947
US Billboard 1 - May 1947 (10 weeks), Australia 1 for 1 month - Oct 1947, US 1940s 6 - May 1947 (4 weeks), US BB 12 of 1947, POP 12 of 1947, Brazil 30 of 1947, RYM 50 of 1947
9
Frankie Laine
That's My Desire
1947
Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998 (1947), US Billboard 4 - Mar 1947 (26 weeks), US 1940s 7 - Jul 1947 (4 weeks), Your Hit Parade 7 of 1947, DDD 7 of 1947, nuTsie 17 of 1940s, RYM 40 of 1946, Europe 43 of the 1940s (1947), Brazil 89 of 1948
10
Art Lund
Mam'selle
1947
US Billboard 1 - Apr 1947 (13 weeks), US 1940s 1 - Apr 1947 (11 weeks), US 1 for 2 weeks - Jun 1947, DZE 8 of 1947, Your Hit Parade 9 of 1947, POP 12 of 1947, Brazil 28 of 1947