1934

1934 in the United States


Incumbents

Events

January

  • January 24 – Albert Einstein visits the White House.
  • January 26 – The Apollo Theater opens in Harlem, New York City.

February

  • February 22 – Frank Capra's It Happened One Night, starring Clark Gable and [[#|Claudette Colbert]], is released. It becomes a smash hit and the first of Capra's [[#|great]] screen classics. It becomes the first film to win all 5 of the major Academy Awards – Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture. Gable and Colbert receive their only Oscars for this film.

March

  • March 3 – John Dillinger escapes from jail in Crown Point, Indiana, using a wooden pistol.

April

May


  • May 11 – Dust Bowl: A strong 2-day dust storm removes massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst dust storms of the Dust Bowl.

June

July

  • July 1 – The world famous Brookfield Zoo opens in Brookfield, Illinois.
  • July 1 – The Hays Office censorship code for motion pictures goes into full effect in the United States.
  • July 22 – Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.

August

November

Undated

  • US Congress makes the Philippines a self-governing commonwealth and schedules independence for 1944. Sugar imports are reduced and immigration is limited to 50 Filipino people per year.

Ongoing


Top Songs in the US



#
Artist
Song Title
Year
Chart Entries
1
Benny Goodman
Moon Glow
1934
US Billboard 1 - 1934 (15 weeks), Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998 (1936), US BB 4 of 1934, POP 4 of 1934, RYM 8 of 1934, Europe 15 of the 1930s (1934), nuTsie 73 of 1930s
2
Paul Whiteman
Smoke Gets in Your Eyes
1934
US Billboard 1 - Dec 1933 (15 weeks), US BB 2 of 1934, POP 2 of 1934, RYM 15 of 1934, Brazil 51 of 1935, nuTsie 72 of 1930s, Europe 80 of the 1930s (1934)
3
Leo Reisman
Continental (you Kiss While You're Dancing)
1934
US Billboard 1 - 1934 (7 weeks), Oscar in 1934 (film 'The Gay Divorcee'), US BB 7 of 1934, POP 7 of 1934, Brazil 51 of 1936, Europe 71 of the 1930s (1934)
4
Duke Ellington
Cocktails For Two
1934
US Billboard 1 - 1934 (15 weeks), Grammy Hall of Fame in 2007 (1934), US BB 8 of 1934, POP 8 of 1934, Brazil 22 of 1934, nuTsie 43 of 1930s
5
Bing Crosby
Love in Bloom
1934
US Billboard 1 - 1934 (15 weeks), Oscar in 1934 (film 'She Loves Me Not') (Nominated), US BB 19 of 1934, POP 19 of 1934, Europe 37 of the 1930s (1934), Brazil 46 of 1934, RYM 60 of 1934
6
Ray Noble
The Very Thought of You
1934
US Billboard 1 - 1934 (14 weeks), Grammy Hall of Fame in 2005 (1934), US BB 10 of 1934, POP 10 of 1934, Brazil 37 of 1934, nuTsie 82 of 1930s
7
Guy Lombardo
Winter Wonderland
1934
US BB 1 of 1934, POP 1 of 1934, US Billboard 2 - 1934 (9 weeks), Europe 4 of the 1930s (1934)
8
Bing Crosby
June in January
1934
US Billboard 1 - 1934 (12 weeks), Europe 8 of the 1930s (1934), US BB 15 of 1934, POP 15 of 1934, Brazil 44 of 1935, RYM 64 of 1934
9
Fats Waller
Honeysuckle Rose
1934
Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999 (1934), RYM 2 of 1935, US Billboard 4 - 1937 (4 weeks), nuTsie 64 of 1930s, Acclaimed 1483 (1934)
10
The Sons of the Pioneers
Tumbling Tumbleweeds
1934
Grammy Hall of Fame in 2002 (1934), US Billboard 13 - 1934 (2 weeks), Music Imprint 17 of 1930s, nuTsie 48 of 1930s, RIAA 207, Acclaimed 860 (1934)
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